The Good Parliament 善良议会
1376年4月28日到7月10日这一届议会被称作善良议会The Good Parliament， 为期不足3月。
1373年11月召开议会之后，已休会2年半。 爱德华三世和谋士们自知连年战争，劳民伤财，国库亏空，英格兰上下怨声载道，当然不敢召集议会。 但1376年，因急需用钱，只好找议会商量。 不管战争的胜利看起来多么荣耀，都是金钱和人命筑成。爱德华三世1344年曾宣布破产，他借贷的两家佛罗伦萨大银行因而倒闭。 若不是要钱要加税，国王哪里肯召集议会。 英法历史上后来一些议会也是因为财政危机而召开，也因此实现了政治改革。 而我们中国历史上皇帝总是一言堂，大臣上奏若不合皇帝心意，脑袋都难保。
议员们（下院）决定整顿腐败的王室委员会。当时代表Herefordshire 郡的骑士 Peter de la Mare被选为下议院议长（Speaker)， 他曾是伯爵 Edmund Mortimer 手下的管家。Edmund Mortimer 所在的贵族阵营支持黑太子反对皇室党和冈特的伯爵，强力支持下议院的政改。这时百年战争第二阶段已开始，英军接连失利（见下帖）。 Peter de la Mare第一天开会，即痛批英军近来在军事上的失败，谴责皇室的腐败，要求调查王室开销。
下议院在对Richard Lyons (Warden of the Mint 造币局局长) and Lord Latimer 展开听证后将二人收监。对Latimer 男爵的弹劾是英格兰议会史上有记录的第一桩弹劾案。
爱德华三世的情妇Alice Perrers 以贪污罪被审，随后被驱逐出英格兰，其土地被没收。在这之前，没谁敢惹她。
约翰的冈特想效法法兰西的萨利克继承法Salic Law， 但未获议会支持。
议会任命Edmund Mortimer, the earl of March; William Courtenay, bishop of London; and William of Wykeham, bishop of Winchester 等组成新的国王咨询委员会。
好景不长，善良议会7月即被解散。接下来的秋天，冈特的约翰就把新任命的国王咨询团挡在王宫之外，将下议院议长Peter de la Mare 扔进Nottingham监狱，还把遭弹劾的Latimer 又召回来。国王的情妇也被召回伦敦陪爱德华三世。约翰并攻击新国王顾问William of Wykeham ，将其定罪。
冈特的约翰宣布善良议会the Good Parliament违法，并将其通过的条例从律书中删除。 1377年约翰组成了the Bad Parliament 邪恶议会。尽管如此，人们缅怀改革议会，并赋其以美名，善良议会遂流芳青史。
wiki( Good Parliament):
The Good Parliament is the name traditionally given to the English Parliament of 1376. Sitting in London from April 28 to July 10, it was the longest Parliament up until that time.
It took place during a time when the English court was perceived by much of the English population to be corrupt, and its traditional name was due to the sincere efforts by its members to reform the government. It had a formidable enemy, however, in John of Gaunt, fourth son of Edward III and the effective ruler of England at the time.
Parliament had not met since November 1373, 2½ years previously, because Edward III and his councilors recognised the danger of calling parliament during a period of dissatisfaction. However, the need for funds was so pressing in 1376 that another Parliament was necessary.
Once the members were assembled, they were determined to clean up the corrupt Royal Council. Peter de la Mare, a knight of the shire representing Herefordshire, had been elected as Speaker by the House of Commons, and on the first day he delivered an address criticising England's recent military failures, condemning the corruption at court, and calling for close scrutiny of the royal accounts. Richard Lyons (Warden of the Mint) and Lord Latimer, who were believed to be robbing the treasury, were called before parliament and then imprisoned. Latimer's impeachment is the earliest recorded in Parliament. The king's mistress, Alice Perrers, was called and condemned to seclusion.
John of Gaunt raised the question of the Salic law, which was the basis for the French case against Edward III's claim to the Crown of France, suggesting that the English follow the French custom, but was unable to sway the assembly to his point of view.
Meanwhile, the eldest prince of the realm, Edward the Black Prince, was dying. Having taken a house in London, he summoned both Edward III and John of Gaunt and made them swear to recognise his son, the future Richard II, as successor to Edward. Both John and the King swore to recognise Richard, and soon after Parliament summoned Richard and acknowledged him as heir to the throne. The members were swayed by the immense prestige of Prince Edward, the country's greatest military hero at the time.
Parliament then imposed a new set of councillors on the King: Edmund Mortimer, the earl of March; William Courtenay, bishop of London; and William of Wykeham, bishop of Winchester.
Parliament was dissolved in July, and the following autumn, John of Gaunt attempted to undo its work. He barred the admission of the new councillors assigned to the king. He threw Peter de la Mare into prison at Nottingham. He dismissed the new council and recalled Latimer. Alice of Perrers was restored to the company of the king. John also attacked William of Wykeham.
In 1377, John had another Parliament convene, the Bad Parliament. John had the Good Parliament declared unconstitutional and its acts removed from the books. Despite this, the public treasured the memory of the reforming Parliament and bestowed upon it the name of the Good Parliament.